Fukuyamas 1989 national interest essay the end of history

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Contents:
  1. Bring back ideology: Fukuyama's 'end of history' 25 years on
  2. Independent culture newsletter
  3. INTRODUCTION
  4. Fukuyama vs Huntington

Fukuyama has nothing to add to this critique.

Bring back ideology: Fukuyama's 'end of history' 25 years on

What he does, however, is to broaden the notion of identity so much that it ceases to have any explanatory power. So for example he tries to explain the Trump phenomenon by reference to the supposed identity politics of white Americans. But Trump voters have equally complex and various identities, the most salient of which is probably their aspiration to get on in the world without big government getting in the way. As Lilla — unlike Fukuyama — understands, sometimes economic factors outweigh cultural ones. Religion can only be fully understood in its own terms, i.

The tectonic shifts in Islam that result in political demands, for example for the restoration of the Caliphate, cannot be made comprehensible by comparisons with more secular societies such as the United States. He blames the Right more than the Left for its emergence. Sadiq Khan knows how to make himself popular, but he has a duty to open up closed Muslim communities.

Profound weaknesses leave us open to political warfare from Russia and China—weaknesses which they are ruthlessly exploiting. Overrated: Francis Fukuyama. Daniel Johnson.

Slice 1. Illustration by Michael Daley There are two kinds of prophets: prophets of victory and prophets of defeat.

What to read next. Overrated: Sadiq Khan Sadiq Khan knows how to make himself popular, but he has a duty to open up closed Muslim communities. History Overrated Rome. The West slumbers as its enemies run amok Profound weaknesses leave us open to political warfare from Russia and China—weaknesses which they are ruthlessly exploiting.

Ross Babbage. Routed by liberalism How usury killed Christendom. Edward Lucas. Manchester Square. The thesis of Fukuyama — the article and the book — thus received a flood of criticism coming from all horizons. What is the relationship between Fukuyama and his thesis? But, how has this thesis evolved since ?

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Independent culture newsletter

Francis Fukuyama and His Critics [33]. The book of Fukuyama was especially criticized on an empirical and theoretical level. In , for the tenth anniversary of his article, Fukuyama confirms again his thesis. Therefore, for him, no event during s has come to contradict his thesis. These reflections were discussed in a book published in entitled Our Posthuman Future: Consequences of the Biotechnology Revolution [38].

But this is another subject. Certainly, this does not bring into question the fact that democracy remains, according to him, the only viable option for our modern societies. In the s, the Western liberal model seemed to be the undisputed system in the world. But, there were several challenges for democracy in the early s.

Article Sparked Debate

The first of them were the September 11 terrorist attacks and the rise of radical Islam. But, once again, according to Fukuyama, it was not a contradiction to his thesis. During s, Fukuyama disassociated himself from George W.

INTRODUCTION

However, his thesis remains valid for him. Similarly, his critics have not been able to convince him to change his view. For Fukuyama, liberal democracy remains the only viable political system for modern societies.

Francis Fukuyama: The End of History and the Last Man

Yet criticisms continue to follow him and reinforce themselves because much of the world today is different from the one of the s. Fukuyama himself refers to the decay of several modern democracies, in the first place, the United States [46]. Is it an attempt to re-examine his thesis? In no way. The appointment thus is taken. This book has appeared in over twenty foreign editions.

Today, he is professor of political science at Stanford University.

Fukuyama vs Huntington

For instance, see Timothy Burns ed. Francis Fukuyama and His Critics , op. Political Scientist. Expert in Eastern and Central Europe Geopolitics, energy, security. Pierre Bourgois is a PhD candidate in political science. WordPress: J'aime chargement…. Suivant La Chine est-elle encore communiste?